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Blogs by Trenton Systems

Your All-in-One Guide to Trenton's Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processor Configurations

5th Gen Intel Xeon SP CPUs

Depending upon your workload requirements, budget, and/or use case, there are many different CPUs that can be used to meet the technical and performance demands of a specific application or program. 

In this blog, we'll dive into some of the main factors to look at when evaluating CPUs, the advantages of using Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processors, and Trenton configurations utilizing these processors to cater to diverse customer requirements. 

A CPU, or Central Processing Unit, is the primary component of a computer responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations. It is often referred to as the "brain" of the computer.
The CPU interprets and executes instructions from software programs, coordinating the operations of various hardware components to carry out tasks such as running applications, processing data, and managing system resources.

What are some of the main factors to look at when evaluating a CPU?

When evaluating a CPU, it is critical to evaluate which factors directly impact performance, power consumption, and thermal characteristics. 

Four of the most important factors are: cores, frequency, TDP, and threads. Let's take a look at each.


Cores refer to individual processing units within a CPU. They execute instructions and perform calculations. 

Cores enable parallel processing, allowing multiple tasks to be executed simultaneously. More cores generally lead to improved multitasking and performance for tasks that can be parallelized.


Frequency refers to the clock speed of a CPU. It represents how many instructions the CPU can execute per second when dealing with a single task.

Higher frequency CPUs can perform more computations in less time, leading to faster processing speeds. Increased frequency often correlates with improved overall performance in tasks that are not heavily parallelized. 

TDP (Thermal Design Power)

TDP represents the maximum amount of heat generated by a CPU that the cooling system in a computer is designed to dissipate under typical workloads.

TDP provides a guideline for selecting appropriate cooling solutions to maintain stable operation of the CPU. Lower TDP CPUs generally consume less power and produce less heat, leading to greater energy efficiency and potentially quieter operation.


Threads represent the smallest unit of execution within a process. They allow a CPU to perform multiple tasks concurrently within a single process.

Threads enable better utilization of CPU resources by allowing simultaneous execution of multiple tasks. They facilitate efficient multitasking and responsiveness in applications.


Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processors: A True Performance Boost

Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processors are a family of high-performance server and workstation processors designed for enterprise deployments and mission-critical applications. 

Introduced in 2017, these processors are highly scalable, offering configurations ranging from a few cores to dozens of cores, with support for multiple sockets in a single system. With built-in accelerators and chip-level technologies, these CPUs are optimized for the most demanding high-performance computing workloads.

There are four tiers of Xeon® Scalable Processors: Bronze, Silver, Gold, and Platinum (in ascending order). These tiers indicate various levels of capabilities and are associated with factors such as core count, clock speed, power efficiency, and additional features such as advanced security measures or support for specific technologies.

Trenton Configurations with Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processors

For over 30 years, Trenton Systems and Intel® have partnered to deliver high-performance computing solutions with cutting-edge processors for applications across the defense, government, industrial, and commercial markets.

We utilize single or dual 2nd to 5th Gen Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processors within configurable and custom solutions to provide enhanced processing power, and these CPUs have built-in accelerators for AI/ML/DL, networking, security, and storage.

Take a look at the table below to see the performance ranges provided by the Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processors running on Trenton solutions:

Processor Generation Cores  Frequency TDP Threads
2nd Gen Xeon® SP 4C-22C 1.9GHz-4.0GHz 70W-130W 8T-44T
3rd Gen Xeon® SP  8C-32C 2.0GHz-3.7GHz 105W-235W 16T-64T
4th Gen Xeon® SP  8C-32C 1.8GHz-4.2GHz 150W-250W 16T-64T
5th Gen Xeon® SP 8C-36C 2.2GHz-4.1GHz 165W-270W 16T-72T

*4th and 5th Gen CPUs serve as drop-in replacements, allowing you to make upgrades with ease.

Generally, each CPU generation offers significant performance improvements over the previous generation. Here, for example, is a graphic that depicts the performance improvements of 5th Gen Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processors: 

5th Gen Xeon SP CPU Performance Gains

For a comprehensive list of Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processor specs, click here.

Use Cases for Different CPU Configurations

High Frequency Processors: ISR for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (Defense)

In military operations, real-time data gathering is crucial for situational awareness, target identification, and decision-making. ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance) missions involve collecting, analyzing, and disseminating intelligence from various sources, including unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
High-frequency CPUs enable rapid data processing and analysis onboard UAVs, allowing for real-time target tracking, threat assessment, and mission planning. This capability enhances operational effectiveness by providing timely information to commanders and troops on the ground.

The CPU's processing speed directly impacts the UAV's ability to handle large volumes of sensor data in real-time, ensuring swift response to dynamic battlefield situations.


Low TDP Processors: Process Optimization for Warehouse Logistics (Industrial)

Efficient warehouse logistics rely on streamlined processes, accurate inventory management, and timely order fulfillment. Energy-efficient solutions are sought after to minimize operational costs and environmental impact.

CPUs with low TDP are ideal for warehouse automation systems as they consume less power and generate less heat, reducing cooling requirements and operational expenses. These CPUs can efficiently handle tasks such as inventory tracking, route optimization, and automated material handling.

Low TDP CPUs contribute to sustainable warehouse operations by minimizing energy consumption and supporting continuous process optimization without overheating concerns.

Process Optimization

High Core Count Processors: Data Transactions for FinTech (Commercial)

Financial institutions process vast amounts of transactions daily, requiring robust computing power to handle complex calculations, data analysis, and transactional throughput.

CPUs with high core counts are essential for handling concurrent financial transactions efficiently. Multi-threaded applications utilized in trading platforms, risk assessment, algorithmic trading, and real-time analytics benefit from parallel processing capabilities offered by high core count CPUs.

The high core count allows for parallel execution of tasks, accelerating transaction processing speed and reducing latency in critical financial operations, enhancing competitiveness and responsiveness in fast-paced markets.


Final Thoughts

Whether on-premise, in the cloud, or at the edge, our solutions deliver enhanced processing power alongside CPU-based technologies that maximize operational efficiency, scalability, and security.
Our sales, engineering, and product development teams work with customers to configure a motherboard and CPU configuration that best meets their technical, performance, and environmental requirements.
Intel® and Trenton Systems actively work together to provide the best in USA-made high-performance computing for critical applications, networks, and services within  evolving environments.
With standard and non-standard motherboard form factors, easily incorporate the latest CPUs into your solution as they become available to meet complex application or programs demands without loss of performance.
Interested in learning more? Reach out to a member of our team any time here. We're more than happy to help.

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